Thick and hearty Cowboy Chili, also known as Texas Red Chili, is sure to stick to your ribs and satisfy any meat lover.
Give Me “A Bowl Of Red”: What Is Texas Red Chili?
In America, there are as many variations on chili as there are people who love to dive into a hearty bowl.
The most simple version, and probably the one that started it all, is Texas Red Chili.
No tomatoes. No beans. Just meat.
That’s what makes Texas Red Chili stand out from other versions.
Some chili lovers will balk at the idea that chili could be made without beans or tomatoes. But, if you head down to Texas, they’ll tell you that a soup with tomatoes and beans is DEFINITELY NOT CHILI.
This thick, stick-to-your-ribs chili is also known as Cowboy Chili because it comes from the days of chuck wagons and cattle drives. A look into the origins of the chili tells us a lot about how this meal came about.
Cowboys and Cattle Drives In The Wild West
It’s 1870, and you’re headed from Texas to a railway town in Kansas with 2,000 longhorn cattle in hopes of selling the herd so you can bring some money back to your family.
There are 20 or more cowboys in the group, traveling 10-12 miles a day with these cows in a journey that will take 2-3 months to complete.
While the cowboys play a crucial role in the journey, the trail cook was probably the most important member of the group.
All those hungry boys had to eat! And, how do you attract and keep the best cowboys for your team?
Chuck Wagon Cooking
With the help of his trail cooks and an old military wagon, Col. Charles “Chuck” Goodnight designed a mobile kitchen that could hold up to life on the trail.
The “Chuck” wagon concept was so successful, that it began to be adopted by cattle drivers throughout the west.
Ingredients that would spoil, like dairy, eggs, or fresh vegetables weren’t to be found in the chuck wagon. (No refrigeration on the trail!)
This left the cook with a small variety of ingredients to keep his hungry crew well fed and happy. Hearty meat stews and skillet breads were some of the most loved forms of sustenance.
If you need a meal that would stick to your ribs and keep you going, Texas chili is definitely the answer!
Choosing Beef For Your Cowboy Chili
That’s really what Texas cowboy chili comes down to.
Some people use ground beef for this chuck wagon chili and others use a cubed roast.
We used a Certified Angus Beef® brand top round roast, but a chuck roast would have worked just as well. These roasts are great for braising, which is effectively what we are doing in this chili recipe. The long, slow cooking makes them incredibly flavorful and tender!
When choosing your roast, you want to be sure that there is a good amount of marbling (white flecks) in the lean of the muscle. That marbling leads to lots of flavor, particularly when the chunks of these roasts are cooked nice and slow.
We really liked the way the small cubes of meat cooked down to an incredibly tender consistency after a few hours. You’d almost swear you had started with ground beef!
Cowboy Chili (Easy Texas Red Chili)
- 3 lbs Certified Angus Beef® brand chuck roast, trimmed of excess fat and cut into 1 inch cubes
- 1 onion, diced
- 4 garlic cloves, minced
- 6 Tbsp chili powder
- 1 tsp cumin
- 1 tsp salt
- ½ tsp ground black pepper
- 2 c water (more if necessary)
- 6 Tbsp Masa Harina (or cornmeal)
- In a heavy bottomed soup pot (preferably cast iron) brown the beef cubes over medium high heat, 2-3 minutes.
- Add the onion and garlic and sauté until the onions have softened, 3-5 minutes.
- Stir in the chili powder, cumin, salt, and black pepper. Add the water and bring the mixture to a boil. Reduce the heat to medium low and simmer, covered, for 3-4 hours, until the beef is incredibly tender and the chili is thick. (Check the chili occasionally and add more water if it looks too dry.)
- Just before serving, mix in the Masa Harina slowly, stirring to let any excess moisture be absorbed, creating a nice, thick chili.
- Serve with cornbread or sourdough bread.
Check out these other great chuck wagon inspired dishes from some of our favorite bloggers:
Beefed Up Main Dishes
- Chuckwagon Beef Stew by The Chef Next Door
- Hearty Steak and Black Bean Chili on Rice by Confessions of an Overworked Mom
- Steak and Egg Hash by Hezzi-D’s Books and Cooks
- Barbecue Beef Skillet Cornbread by Cindy’s Recipes and Writings
- Slow Cooker Cowboy Baked Beans by Renee’s Kitchen Adventures